As the name suggests, French intensive gardening was developed in France from where it spread to other parts of Europe and the area. This technique may be often called biodynamic agriculture, Marais system and square-foot gardening. The primary objective behind this technique is to generate maximum yield in least possible space. Although this system defies certain preconceived notions about agriculture and farming, it’s far highly effective.
What is French Intensive Gardening ?
French intensive gardening is a way invented to maximum possible yield with the aid of particular changes inside the garden layout and using biodynamic agricultural techniques. Except for being productive, through this system a big type of crops shall be produced inside the limited space. Planning is amazingly important in French intensive gardening as the sort of crop and method of planting must be carefully determined well beforehand.
a novel aspect of French intensive gardening is the usage of raised beds. The gardening beds are huge which allows people to walk during the entire area which will maintain the garden. The garden beds are dug up twice this means that the soil below is loose and worked up. For this reason, light and fluffy soil is generated that is them improved by addition of humus and compost, leading to a decent plant growth with wide and deep roots.
Rather than flattened garden beds, French intensive gardening advocates mounded beds which increase the skin area and thereby facilitate more planting. Establishing these types of beds takes plenty of effort but people feel it can be worth it, as the yield is great. To keep up the garden bed, it needs to be watered lightly everyday in addition to regularly adding compost and fertilizers.
Plant spacing is another important feature of French intensive gardening. Plants are grown in close proximity to each other which ensures the soil staying moist and forestalls unwanted weed growth. A number of the French intensive gardening methods are discussed below.
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French Intensive Gardening Methods
As per the climatic conditions, normally it takes numerous months to harvest a crop within the same place where a crop was previously harvested. During this period, quick maturing or fast growing crops like radish, onions or lettuce will be grown to utilize the idle space.
In this system, to utilize all available space within the highest manner, a fast-maturing crop is planted between rows of crops which grow slowly. Quick maturing crops like onions, lettuce or radish could be planted between (or within) rows of slow maturing plants like cabbage, tomatoes or broccoli.
This system of French intensive gardening involves planting an analogous quick-maturing crop over a period of 1 to 4 weeks. Plant one row each of lettuce, radish and spinach and leave some space around the planting that are used later. After every week, plant another row each of the complete plants and do an analogous one week later in addition. Subsequently, when one row is harvested, the second shall be ready and so forth. This could ensure a consistent supply of fast maturing vegetables at some point of the season.
In relay planting, an altogether different crop is planted inside the same space where a crop is simply about to mature. Which means that as and when the most recent crop is prepared for harvesting, the crop planted later has got an early beginning advantage. Thus more crops should be would becould very well be planted within the same space at some stage in the year.
Wide Row Planting
A variation of the inter-cropping method, wide row planting involves planting of plants in groups or rows about 1 to 4 feet wide. Although walking space between the rows reduces, this system facilitates economic use of fertilizers and water. Also, it really is tougher for weeds to grow in such a an arrangement. Make grids so that it becomes easier for marking out sections and enables proper utilization of space.
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It will be noted that French intensive gardening isn’t very for those that pursue gardening as a hobby. Rather only those who are laboring and dedicated towards gardening should start it. It involves hard work, especially inside the bed preparation and maintenance stage, so only committed gardeners should do that method.